Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University
Pusa, Samastipur – 848 125, Bihar, India


About Pusa

Who We Are


Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa came into existence on 7th October 2016 after the conversion of Rajendra Agricultural University, Pusa, a state agricultural university, which was established in 1970 by Govt. of Bihar a historical place where the idea of agricultural research and education first took shape. The history of the place dates back to year 1905, when Agricultural Research Institute and College, Pusa was first established by the British Government in light of the recurring food scarcity in the country. In its current role, the university extends its jurisdiction and responsibility in the fields of teaching, research, and extension in context of agriculture and allied sciences to the whole country with special reference to the State of Bihar.


The academic set up of the university comprises of 08 colleges viz. Tirhut College of Agriculture, PG College of Agriculture, College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, College of Community Science, College of Basic Sciences and Humanities, College of Fisheries and Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay College of Horticulture and Forestry, School of Agri Business & Rural Management. University offers under-graduate (UG) programme in 08 disciplines viz. Agriculture, Horticulture, Agricultural Engineering, Community Science, Fisheries, Biotechnology, Forestry and Food Technology. In addition, Master’s programme in 27 subjects and Ph.D. programme in14 subjects are also offered by the university. RPCAU is a multicampus university  having three campuses, at Pusa (Samastipur), Dholi (Muzaffarpur) and Piprakothi (East Champaran), 18 KVKs (16 under its direct control and 2 under technical control) and 4 research station spread over an area of 2063 acres comprising of lakes, ponds, wetlands, farm land, and arboreal coverage supporting rich flora and fauna, having a rich biodiversity. In light of new National Education Policy, University has started eight (8) Certificate course programmes and three (3) PG Diploma courses to generate industry ready personnel at base and supervisory level. In view of the expanding influence of the University over education in agricultural sciences, the faculties and facilities have been upgraded and modernized to serve the students better. However, despite its modern outlook, the University is still preserving its legacy and to showcase it, fourteen old bungalows and some residential quarters are still maintained to display their imperial touch. The University envisions providing value-based education and not restricting itself to merely imparting technical education.


On research front, the University has released 18 varieties of rice, wheat, sugarcane, coriander, millet, maize, pulse, tuber crops and mushroom through CVRC/SVRC for different agro climatic conditions. Has developed technologies for different socio-economic groups and challenged ecology (12), value addition of the agricultural produce and advancement of scientific knowledge through 32 AICRP, 03 International Projects, 4-Govt. of India funded projects, 04 Govt. of Bihar funded projects and more than 100 University funded projects. RPCAU has established many Advanced Centres for Research and Centres of Excellence to take the research challenges in niche areas/ crops, like up- gradation of Banana Research Centre at Goraul (Vaishali), Centre of Excellence/Advance Studies in Water Management, Climate Change, Food Processing, Embryo Transfer Technology, Mushroom Technology, Indigenous cattle conservation, wealth from waste, startup facilitation center to facilitate entrepreneurs to take up business activities in the areas related to agriculture and allied activities.The university has successfully conceptualised and translated the idea into revenue generation through monetization of agro waste viz. herbal gulal, mushroom products, mosquito repellent from dry turmeric leaf, textile fibre from banana pseudo stem, jaggery products and Balshakti. The University has addressed the concern of waste disposal not only in its campuses but also in the temples of Vaidyanath Dham, Deoghar (Jharkhand) and Baba Garib Nath temple, Muzaffarpur by converting the floral waste of these temples into vermicompost which not only strengthened the Swatch Bharat Abhiyan but also helps in generating revenue to the tune of Rs 16 lakhs / annum. Recently, the University has received patents for two products developed by our scientists, namely, Self-Propelled Rotary Power Paddy Weeder and Hand Cranked Improved Chakki. Highly impressed by the workflow of the waste management model of Sukhet, Hon’ble Prime Minister stressed upon the need of replicating it at every Panchayat of the country in the 80th edition of “Mann Ki Baat”.


The University is making sincere efforts for ensuring food security to the masses, reducing poverty and protecting the environment through transfer of agricultural technologies among the farmers and other users. The university undertakes extension activities through the Directorate of Extension and KVKs under its control. It provides on and off campus training programmes, field level demonstrations, on farm trials, Kisan Melas, formation of farmers groups and developing seed villages etc. for practicing farmers, rural youth, extension functionaries, Govt. officials and other stake holders.  The university has 16 KVKs under its direct administrative control and 2 KVKs under its technical control. Five new KVKs were established during the last five years in larger districts.


Several awards at national level are testament to the pursuance of excellence by the University. Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University ranked 10th in the India Today- MDRA University Ranking for the year 2020 and 9th in the year 2021 among Government universities. The University ranked 10th amongst institutions in North India by The Knowledge Review survey and was also awarded as the ‘University of the Year Award’ by FICCI higher education excellence awards for the year 2021, in the category of universities existing for more than 30 years. The Agriculture Today group also recognized and awarded the University for its Excellence in the Category of Excellent Green Campus Initiative. The University is aggressively pursuing its research mandate and has an h-index of 23 (SCOPUS).




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